Tài liệu : Đề Tiếng Anh lớp 10 (đề dự bị)

 

TRẠI HÈ HÙNG VƯƠNG

KỲ THI OLYMPIC HÙNG VƯƠNG NĂM 2012

LẦN THỨ VIII- CAO BẰNG

MÔN THI: TIẾNG ANH- LỚP 10

 

Thời gian: 150 phút

(không kể thời gian giao đề)

 

ĐỀ DỰ BỊ

 

(Đề thi gồm 08 trang- Thí sinh làm bài trực tiếp vào bản đề thi này).

 

ĐIỂM

(Của toàn bài thi)

GIÁM KHẢO

(Họ, tên và chữ ký)

SỐ PHÁCH

(Do chủ tịch Hội đồng ghi)

Bằng số

Bằng chữ

Giám khảo số 1:

 

 

 

Giám khảo số 2:

 

 

 

Part 1: PHONETICS (5 points)

Question 1: Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the rest (2.5 points)

1. A. hope              B. stop              C. slope              D. cope

2. A. technical              B. attention              C. event              D. talent

3. A. encounter              B. enter              C. enlarge              D. entrust

4. A. call              B. count              C. centre              D. cable

5. A. pure              B. durable              C. cure              D. pursue

Question 2: Pick out the word whose stress is placed differently from the others

(2.5 points)

1. A. apprehension                    B. preferential        C. conventional        D. calculation

2. A. chemical                               B. alcohol                C. document             D. determine

3. A. traveller                B. prevail                 C. society                        D. successful

4. A language                         B lyrical                        C evidence                         D disadvantage

5. A. appointment                    B. strawberry         C. powerful               D. cucumber

PART II – Lexico-grammar (35 points)

Question 1. Give the correct tense of the verbs in parentheses and write in the space given. (5 points)

1. Don’t worry. We (finish) _______ the report by 11 o’clock.

2. (Thompson/catch) _______the ball, we would have won the game.

3. Fred was pleased (admit) _______to the college.

4. There were some people (row) _______on the river.

5. Were I (know) _______the answer, I would tell you right away.

6. I regret (inform) _______ you that the sight- seeing tour has been cancelled because of the bad weather.

7. Your pronunciation seems incorrect. It needs (practise) _______ more often.

8. (Not/ disturb) _______ the sleeping baby, we walked out of the room silently.

9. He left us three hours ago. By now he (must/be) at home.

10. He spoke to me as if he (be) _______ my father.

 

  1. ............................
  2. ............................
  3. ............................
  4. ............................
  5. ............................
  6. ............................

 

  1. ............................
  2. ............................
  3. ............................
  4. ............................

 

Question 2. Fill in each blank with a suitable PREPOSITION or PARTICLE. Write your answers in the numbered blanks provided below the passage. (5 points)

1. We’re all very obliged …………… you

2. Without a fridge, fresh food will go ...... very quickly.

3. A wise person should have a card …….. his sleeve.

4. This service is free …………… charge.

5. They went ahead contrary ……………… my advice.

6. The weather was fine, and everyone was making ..... ..  the coast.

7.We’re going ....... Tom’s car tomorrow.

8. Police officers don’t have to wear uniform when they are ……….. duty.

9. Don’t worry, everything is ………….control.

10. Please hurry. We need these documents…………..delay.

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Question 3. Circle A, B, C, or D to indentify the one underlined expression that is not correct in each sentence and correct it. (5 points)

1. The officials object to wear long dresses for the inaugural dance at the country pub.

              A              B                          C              D

2. It was so an easy question that every one could answer it correctly.

               A                    B                                 C                        D

3. More than 600 million individual bacteria lives on the skin of humans.

                                A                             B        C                              D

4. The capital city, Rome, is on the coast close with the Ghanaian border.            

          A                             B                        C                                  D

5. She got angry when they started to asking about her private life.

                              A                 B              C                           

Question 4: Give the correct form of the word given (10 points)

 

 

Dress Code

              UK companies have received (0) CRITICISM from a business forum for what their report refers to as a rather narrow-minded attitude towards the dress code for office workers. This follows a case in which a male (1. EMPLOY ).... ...............working in the post room of a large (2. ORGANIZE) ...................in the United Kingdom received a (3. SUSPEND ) .....................for wearing jeans to work.              Whilst the report accepts that there is a need for people dealing with (4. CUSTOM ) .................. ... to look well dressed, it questions whether employees who work behind the scenes necessarily need to dress formally.             

              The authors of the report made a (5. COMPARE) .......................between the UK and other European nations where employers seem less (6. CONCERN) .......................about the need for their workers to wear smart clothes in the office. Their (7. ARGUE) ...........................is based on research that claims             

workers are far more (8. PRODUCT) ........................when they have the (9. FREE) ..............................to dress in a way that they feel most (10. COMFORT  ) ......................in.             

Question 5. Choose the word or phrase that best completes each sentence. Write your answer (A, B, C or D) in the numbered box. (10 points)

1. His _______ of the safety regulations really can’t be ignored any longer.

              A. disregard                            B. unfamiliarity              C. carelessness              D. inattention

2. Patrick is too __________ a gambler to resist placing a bet on the final game.

              A. instant                             B. spontaneous              C.  compulsive              D. continuous

3. What you are saying is quite ______, so give us, please, more details on the situation

              A. famous                            B. accustomed                            C. obvious               D. familiar

4. It’s not easy to make Stanley furious, the boy is very gentle by ______

              A. himself                            B. personality                            C. reaction                            D. nature

              5. Ever since we quarreled in the office, Janice and I have been _______ enemies.

                            A. assured                            B. confirmed                        C. defined                       D. guaranteed

              6. He seemed very quiet, but it would be a mistake to ______ his intelligence.

                            A. devalue                            B. depreciate                       C. underrate                       D. minimize

7. The jury _______ her compliments on her excellent knowledge of the subject.

                            A. paid                                          B. gave                         C. made                                  D. said

8. _______have made communication faster and easier through the use of email and the Internet is widely recognized.

A. It is that computers                C. Computers that

B. That computers              D. That it’s computers

              9. Alex was _______ enough on becoming a professional sportsman and he didn’t want to listen to anyone else’s advice.

                            A. intent                                   B. eager                        C. definite                       D. certain

10. I'm afraid I'm rather _____ about the existence of ghosts.

              A. partial                            B. skeptical                            C. adaptable                             D. incapable

 

Your answers:

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Part 3: Reading comprehension (30 points)

Question 1: Read the following passage and mark A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions (10 points)

PANDEMIC DISEASES

              Diseases are a natural part of life on earth. If there were no diseases, the population would grow too quickly, and there would not be enough food or other resources, so in a way, diseases are natural’s way of keeping the Earth in balance. But sometimes they spread very quickly and kill large numbers of people. For example, in 1918, an outbreak of the flu spread across the world, killing over 25 million people only six months. Such terrible outbreaks of a disease are called pandemics. 

              Pandemics happen when a disease changes in a way that our bodies are not prepared to fight. In 1918, a new type of flu virus appeared. Our bodies had no way to fight this new flu virus, and so it spread very quickly and killed large numbers of people. While there have been many different pandemic diseases throughout history, all of them have a new thing in common.

              First, all pandemic diseases spread from one person to another very easily.

              Second, while they may kill many people, they generally do not kill people very quickly. A good example of this would be the Marburg virus. The Marburg virus is an extremely infectious disease. In addition, it is deadly.  About 70 -80% of all people who get the Marburg virus died from the disease. However, the Marburg virus has not become a pandemic because most people die within three days of getting the disease. This means that the virus does not have enough time to spread a large number of people. The flu virus of 1918, on the other hand, generally took about a week to ten days to kill its victims, so it had more time to spread.

              While we may never be able to completely stop pandemics, we can make them less common. Doctors carefully monitor new diseases that they fear could become pandemics. For example, in 2002, and 2003, doctors carefully watched SARS. Their health warnings may have prevented SARS from becoming a pandemic.

1. This passage is mainly about______________

A. how to prevent pandemic disease                                          B. pandemic disease

C. pandemic disease throughout history                                          D. why pandemics happen

2. According to paragraph 1, how are diseases a natural part of life on Earth?

A. They prevent pandemics                                                        B. They help control the population

C. They led the world grow quickly                            D. They kill too many people

3. Based on the information in the passage the term pandemics can be explained as ___________

A. diseases with no cure                                                                      B. a deadly kind of flu

C. diseases that spread quickly and kill large numbers of people             

D. new disease like SARS or the Marburg virus

4. According to the passage, what causes pandemics?

A. Changes in a disease that body cannot fight             

B. Careless doctors who do not watch the spread of disease

C. Population growth that the world cannot support             

D. The failure to make new medicines

5. According to the passage, all of the following are true of the 1918 flu pandemic EXCEPT that ______

A. it involved a new kind of flu virus                B. it killed over 25 million people

C. it was the last pandemic in history                D. it took a little over a week to kill its victims

6. The word it in the passage refers to ____________

A. disease                            B. flu virus                                          C. pandemics                                          D. bodies

7. Which of the following is mentioned as a common feature of all pandemic disease?

A. They spread from people to people very quickly                           

B. It kill may people very quickly

C. They do not kill people very quickly                                          D. They kill all the victims

8. According to the paragraph 3, why hasn’t Marburg virus become a pandemic?

A. It is not a deadly disease                                                                     

B. It does not spread from person to person easily

C. Doctors have prevented it from becoming a pandemic               

D. It kills people too quickly

9. The word monitor in the passage is closest in meaning to __________

A. fight                            B. prevent                                          C. watch                                          D. avoid

10. The author mentions SARS in order to ___________

A. give an example of a highly dangerous disease                   

B. suggest that SARS will never become a pandemic

C. give an example of the successful prevention of a pandemic             

D. suggest that there may be a new pandemic soon.

Question 2:   Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 1  to 10. (10 points)

              Scientists used to believe that our 24-hour cycle of sleeping and walking was governed entirely by external factors. The most notable of these, they thought, were the rising and (1) ____ of the sun. But they have now established that there is a daily rhythm to a (2) ____ range of biological functions – including temperature, digestion and mental (3) ____ - which are regulated internally by a special time-keeping mechanism within the brain.

              The main function of this “body clock” is to anticipate and (4) ____ for external changes so that, for example, our body temperature start to rise around dawn, gearing us up for the day, and begin to fall in the early evening, winding us (5) ____ for sleep.

              Some people’s body clocks (6) ____ poorer time than others’, which can greatly disturb their lives and even (7) ____ their health. Insomnia, depression, fatigue, poor work performance and even accidents can all be (8) ____ or aggravated by inaccurate body clocks.

              Equally severe problems can result from difficulties of (9) ____ to different time zones and working by nigh instead of by day. Shift workers are known to run a higher-than-average (10) ____ of having a number of health problems and the disruption of normal body rhythm is one possible explanation for this.

1: A. descending              B. diving              C. plunging             D. setting

2: A. wide              B. various              C. far                       D. grand

3: A. operation              B. activity              C. process               D. occupation

4: A. dispose              B. scheme              C. steady                  D. prepare

5: A. round              B. up              C. down                   D. in

6: A. keep              B. hold              C. support                D. preserve

7: A. risk              B. spoil              C. injure                   D. threaten

8: A. put              B. formed              C. caused                 D. made

9: A. altering              B. adjusting              C. fitting                  D. suiting

10: A. risk              B. danger              C. threat                   D. hazard

 

Question 3. Read the text below and think of the word which best fits each space. Use only ONE word in each space. There is an example at the beginning (0). (1 points)           Example: (0) or

SHARKS

For anyone who wants either to film (0) ________ study great white sharks, Australian expert, Rodney Fox, is the first contact. Fox knows exactly (1) ________the sharks will be at different times of the year; and can even predict (2) ________ they will behave around blood, divers and other sharks. He understands them as well as anyone else alive. In fact, he’s lucky to be alive; a ‘great white’ once (3) ________ to bite him in half

Three decades (4) ________this near-fatal attack, Fox still carries the physical scars, but feels no hate for his attacker. Instead he organizes three or four trips (5) ________ year to bring scientists and photographers to the kingdom of the great white shark. The main aim of these trips is to improve people’s understanding of an animal (6) ________ evil reputation has become an excuse for killing it.

Great white sharks are not as amusing as dolphins and seals, (7) ________their role in the ocean is critical. They kill off sick animals, helping to prevent the spread of disease and to maintain the balance in the ocean’s food chains. Fox feels a responsibility to act (8) ________ a guardian of great white sharks. (9) ________ the scientists, film makers and photographers can communicate their sense of wonder (10) ________ other people, he is confident that understanding will replace hatred.

 

Write your answers in the following space:

 

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Part 4: WRITING (30 points)

Question 1: Rewrite these sentences so that the new one has a similar meaning as the given one (5 points)

1. You could easily become ill unless you give up smoking.

There is a high risk……………………………………………………………………

2. Without your support, I couldn't have finished that difficult task.

If you ………………………………………………………………………………..…

3. Isn’t it pointless to worry about other people’s problem.

There is no ……………………………………………………………………………..

4. The oil price has fallen considerably in the past months.

There …………………………………………………………………………………

5. Nobody expected her to lose but she did.

Contrary to…….………………………………………………………………………

Question 2: Complete each of the sentences using the given word so that the new one has a similar meaning as the given one. You must not change the given word

(5 points)

1. I used to remember things much better. (MEMORY)

My…………………………………………………………………………………now.

2. You should learn some manners now. (TIME)

It………………………………………………………………………some manners.

3. The exam was very easy and I made no mistake. (CAKE)

The exam……………………………………………………and I made no mistake.

4. I realized I had said something wrong. (CONSCIOUS)

I………………………………………………………having said something wrong.

5. The soldier entered the castle while it was dark. (COVER)

Under………………………………………, the soldier entered the castle

Question 3: (20  points) Write a paragraph of 100-120 words on the following topic:

 

“How do outdoor or extra acticities benefit high school students?”

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The end

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